Request PDF on ResearchGate | Binary Offset Carrier Modulations for Radio Navigation | Current signaling for GPS employs phase shift keying (PSK). Abstract: Current signaling for GPS employs phase shift keying (PSK) modulation using conventional rectangular (non – return to zero) spreading symbols. The first model defines the BOC modulation as the result of . The Binary Offset Carrier Modulation can be expressed as a BCS sequence . [J.W. Betz, a] J.W. Betz, Binary Offset Carrier Modulations for Radionavigation.

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The zero crossings nearest the main peak occur at approximately 51 ns. The spectral separation coefficient, defined in equation 16indicates the extent to which signals interfere with each other.

Other practical factors that preclude use of excessive subcarrier frequencies include difficulty in acquiring the correlation function peak and sensitivity to channel imperfections, such as dispersive effects of the ionosphere and RF hardware, including antennas. Retrieved from ” https: For early — late spacing of less than 80 ns, the code-tracking accuracy closely approaches the information-theoretic lower bound computed using equation 14indicating little benefit from using smaller early — late spacings.

While the 90 percent power bandwidth of BOC 10,5 is much wider than that of This approach can provide substantial immunity to some types of interference without the complexity of interference mitigation circuitry. Since it would serve as a new civil signal within L1 and L2, Vol.

While BOC modulations were developed to provide spectral isolation from heritage signals modulating the csrrier carrier frequency, it was quickly determined that they offer performance advantages as well. Another motivation for sideband processing of BOC modulations is interference avoidance. Many of the advantages of BOC modulations are clear in the examples presented in this paper. The curves are well-behaved for early — late spacings of less than 60 ns, but the slope reverses for early — late spacings of 60 — 70 ns.

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In crarier applications, however, the implementation simplicity afforded by the opportunity to process narrower bandwidths may offset these carier.

Before being selected, it was subjected to rigorous scrutiny, ranging from analysis to hardware demonstrations, as were other candidate modulations. If desired, filtering can be used to select only the desired sideband and prevent aliasing at lower sampling rates.

Packet Switching in Ra There is a very close relationship between these variations of offset carrier modulations; in fact, a linear offset carrier modulation can be processed by a receiver using a BOC reference signal having the same subcarrier frequency and code rate with very little effect on performance.

Carrjer zero crossings nearest the main peak occur at approximately 54 ns. Crarier measures, such as those of spectral occupancy, have been used extensively for many years in assessment of modulations for radionavigation.

Binary offset carrier modulation

However, since each of the two spectral sidebands redundantly contains all the information needed for ranging and data demodulation, the distinct sidebands can mdoulations processed separately if desired. This page was last edited on 24 Novemberat The correlation function from sidelobe processing is a bandlimited version of the correlation function for a PSK-R modulation radionaviagtion the spreading code rate of the BOC modulation — a much broader correlation function than that of the dual-sideband BOC modulation.

Another degradation is due to the change in spectral shape and the resulting reduction in RMS bandwidth. Design [ edit ] The main idea behind BOC modulation is to reduce the interference with BPSK -modulated signal, which has a sinc function modulatoins spectrum. The S-curve relates the correction produced by a discriminator for a given error. The error becomes very large for early — late spacing near ns, corresponding to the slope reversal in the S-curves observed in Figure Examples of this point are provided in the next section.

Use dmy dates from Moudlations The maxima of the power spectral densities for these two modulations are almost identical. The columns for BOC 5,2 modulation and 1. The resulting binary-valued modulation, carrker to as binary offset carrier, is the subject of this modulqtions.

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To examine the effect of multipath on the code tracking of different modulations using NELP, consider a simple model of multipath as a specular reflection having some amplitude relative to the direct path, arriving at some phase and delay, with all values time-invariant over the time period of interest.

Betz_Binary Offset Carrier Modulations for Radio Navigation_百度文库

Sidelobe peaks that are close both in delay and in magnitude can make it challenging for code tracking to maintain track on the main lobe of modulatins correlation function. Acquisition of BOC modulations can also take advantage of the sideband structure. The best receiver performance is obtained by processing both raidonavigation coherently as a single signal, not only because all the signal energy is combined coherently, but also because the unique spectral shape of the dual-sideband modulation leads to better ranging performance.

The error becomes very large for early — late spacing near 70 ns, corresponding to the slope reversal in the S-curves observed in Figure Since BOC modulations offer two independent design parameters — subcarrier frequency and spreading code rate — they provide more freedom for a designer to concentrate signal power within specific parts of the allocated band to reduce interference with the reception of other signals.

Binary offset carrier modulation – Wikipedia

Consequently, the out-of-band loss is only 0. While the discriminator gain becomes smaller for early — late spacings of greater than 60 ns, the effect of early — late spacing on code-tracking accuracy cannot be inferred from this behavior. While this bandwidth restriction would cause codetracking error for a 1.